smart Animal husbandry
Animal husbandry as agricultural practice of raising livestock in the domain of agriculture is a strenuous task that involves so many challenges. The introduction of technology to farming is imperative for mitigating these challenges for animal traceability, health information, and performance recording . Also, as the world keeps experiencing increase in population growth , there is a need to expand production of food (meat) by ensuring good welfare of farm animals in order to commensurate with the population growth.
Smart animal husbandry involves data which are most often acquired by interested researchers either as source of information valuable enough for industrial application or for advancing the course of research. Information such as animal identification, body condition score, weight estimation, lameness detection, behavior analysis, food conservation, and energy efficiency are few of the applications of the smart animal husbandry data.
Smart animal husbandry technologies have their several opportunities. The challenges and risks involved in traditional method of practicing animal husbandry such as in nomadic system where farmers search for forage and water for animal life sustenance can be completely eradicated with the technologies of smart animal husbandry resulting in improved welfare and health of the animals and overall benefits for the farmers and researchers. The following opportunities are the several main opportunities of future research in smart animal husbandry.
The more the need for smart animal husbandry, the more the reasons to expect challenges as challenges are bound to exist where and when there are technological developments. Moreover, these challenges are even more pronounced with big data as its emergence has paved the way for the challenges that can be attributed to various data types