Naples Afragola is an Italian high-speed railway station near Naples that was inaugurated on 6 June 2017, with regular traffic for passengers starting from 11 June 2017. The station is located in the city , in the Naples metropolitan area, and was developed to serve all high-speed trains on the Rome–Naples high-speed line, aside from those that do not start or finish at Napoli Centrale but instead operate over the Naples–Salerno high-speed line.
Napoli station was conceived of under a wider plan calling for 13 new stations at various sections along Italy’s existing high-speed rail network. Designed by British-Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid, Afragola station, nicknamed the ‘Gateway to the South’, is considered a major transport hub and regional gateway for Naples, operating as a major rail interchange for Italy’s southern region, serving four individual high-speed lines, three inter-regional lines, and a single local commuter route.
Architects: Zaha Hadid Architects
Area : 30000 m²
Year : 2017
Photographs :Hufton+Crow, Jacopo Splimbergo
Manufacturers : Nuprotec, Tensocielo
Structural Engineering : INTERPROGETTI, AKT, Giampiero Martuscelli, Hanif Kara, Paul Scott
The new rail at Napoli Afragola is designed as one of southern Italy’s key interchange stations serving four high speed inter-city lines, three inter-regional lines and a local commuter line.
In addition to the planned high speed rail services connecting Bari and Reggio Calabria with the north of Italy and Europe, by 2022 new rail infrastructure will create an important hub at Napoli Afragola serving the entire Campania region by integrating the southern expansion of Italy’s high-speed rail network with the Napoli Cancello line and the Circumvesuviana commuter railway extension.Located at this major intersection within southern Italy’s rail network, Napoli Afragola connects the 15 million residents of Campania, Puglia, Molise, Calabria and Sicily in southern Italy with the national rail network in the north and the rest of Europe. It also enables goods and passengers from Europe and northern Italy to access the southern ports of Gioia Tauro, Taranto, Bari, Brindisi, Palermo and Augusta.
To meet future demand for rail travel throughout the region (which has increased by 50% in the past decade) the Afragola station is within the new north/south rail corridor in the east of the greater metropolitan area that will be wholly integrated with local and regional rail services.
Once all lines are operational, 32,700 passengers are expected to use the station each day (4,800 each morning and evening rush-hour) with a total of 84 express trains using the lines.
28 high-speed trains serving each direction will stop at Napoli Afragola every day, providing an express service in each direction every 30 minutes (40 minutes outside peak times), with approximately 700 passengers planned to alight or board from each platform. A further 200 regional and local train services will stop at Napoli Afragola, creating a key interchange within the national, regional and local rail networks.
Public train services will begin on 11 June. Initially with 18 high speed trains in each direction serving 10,000 passengers per day, services will increase to 28 trains in each direction as new infrastructure and further phases of the station come on line.
Located 12km north of Naples, Afragola is also planned to serve its local communities of Acerra,Caivano, Casalnuovo di Napoli, and Casoria that vary in population from 10,000 to 50,000 residents. Afragola will be an intermodal hub, relieving congestion in the city centre and will not replace the existing Napoli Centrale terminus.
Designed as an urbanised public bridge connecting the communities on either side of the railway, the station is defined by the circulation routes of passengers, minimising distances for those embarking and alighting at Napoli as well those passengers connecting to different train services.
The design enlarges the public walkway over the eight railway tracks to such a degree that this walkway becomes the station’s main passenger concourse – a bridge housing all the services and facilities for departing, arriving and connecting passengers, with direct access to all platforms below.
The paths of passengers have also determined the geometry of the spaces within. Large entrances at both ends of the station welcome and guide visitors up to the elevated public zones lined with shops and other amenities. Visitors from either side of the station meet in a central atrium above overlooked by cafes and restaurants.
This central atrium above the railway tracks is a much-needed new public space for Afragola and the main concourse where rail passengers descend to the platforms.The station has been constructed as a reinforced concrete base that supports an elevated concourse of steel ribs clad in Corian with a glazed roof.
The concrete used within the station is a specific composition that provides optimum performance, with curved structural concrete elements built using technologies initially developed during the construction of the MAXXI Museum in Rome: wooden formwork replaced by prefabricated steel units, and double-curves realised with formwork created from CNC milled polystyrene models.
Designed as an extrusion of a trapezoid along a 450m curved path, the elevated concourse is made of 200 differently shaped steel ribs that are clad in Corian with a glazed roof.
The main concourse of the station is oriented to benefit the building’s ecological sustainability. Integrated solar panels in the roof, combined with natural light and ventilation as well as ground source cooling/heating systems will enable the station to minimise energy consumption.
From its inception the building was envisioned as a bridge over its four tracks, with four levels and a maximum height of 25 metres (82 ft). Accommodating the station’s concourse, the bridge has an area of 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft), as well as provision for an additional 10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft). Placing the concourse directly above each platform minimizes passenger walking, without prioritizing the communities at one end of the station over the other.
The station design responds to its adjacent business park and landscape, to encourage further nearby development.The four-level station incorporates public amenities, retail outlets, and waiting areas while remaining spacious and open; the space above the main waiting area accommodates restaurants, bars and stores, as well as a bus station and 1,400 parking spaces.
The exterior features large glass panels forming winding shapes, described as evoking a moving train.
To adapt the station to its context, it includes views of the nearby Mount Vesuvius. The design addressed seismic requirements by dividing the building into zones no greater in length than 50 metres; enabling the sections to move individually in a seismic event.
on 6 June 2017, five days ahead of its official opening, the first stage of Napoli Afragola was inaugurated in a ceremony attended by the Italian Prime MinisterPaolo Gentiloni, who commented on its purpose: “Any great country needs great projects that are a leap forward…The new station at Afragola is the foundation of the infrastructure programme to promote economic development in the south.” Since 11 June, the station has been served by 36 high-speed trains each day; of these, 18 are Frecciarossas operated by the state rail company Trenitalia and 18 are Italos by the privately-owned open access company NTV.
These have been projected to carry a combined 10,000 passengers daily. Further services are to be added to the station, such as a planned increase to 28 trains in either direction, once additional infrastructure work in the region has been completed; phase two of the station is scheduled to be completed during 2022, to coincide with the opening of the Naples-Bari high speed line.
name: stazione alta velocitá di napoli afragola
location: napoli afragola, italy
competition win: 2003
start of construction: may 2015
completion (phase 1): june 6, 2017
program: train station, retail, hospitality
users: 32,700 passengers per day, the new station serves a population of over 3 million people living north of napoli, caserta, avellino and benevento
travel time rome-napoli: 55 minutes
site area: 190,000 sqm
retail/hospitality area: 10,000 sqm
car park: 1,500 parking spaces, 15 bus ranks
main materials: 30,000 m3 of concrete; 4,500 t of steel; 5,600 t of metal carpentry; 20,000 sqm of cladding panel; 6,000 sqm of glass façade/cladding
client: RFI s.p.a. (rete ferroviaria italiana)
architect: zaha hadid architects
design: zaha hadid & patrik schumacher
project director: filippo innocenti
project associate: roberto vangeli
project architect (competition phase): filippo innocenti, paola cattarin
site supervision team: marco guardincerri
michele salvi: pasquale miele (bc, building consulting)
design team: michele salvi; federico bistolfi; cesare griffa; paolo zilli; mario mattia; tobias hegemann; chiara baccarini; alessandra bellia; serena pietrantonj; roberto cavallaro; karim muallem; luciano letteriello; domenico di francesco; marco guardincerri; davide del giudice.
competition team: fernando perez vera; ergian alberg; hon kong chee; cesare griffa; karim muallem; steven hatzellis thomas vietzke; jens borstelmann; robert neumayr; elena perez; adriano de gioannis; simon kim; selim mimita
structural engineering and geotechnics: akt – (hanif kara, paul scott); interprogetti – (giampiero martuscelli)
environmental engineering, M&E: max fordham – (henry luker, neil smith); studio reale – (francesco reale, vittorio criscuolo gaito)
building regulation, co-ordination local team: interplan 2 srl – (alessandro gubitosi)
costing: building consulting – (pasquale miele)
fire safety: macchiaroli & partners srl – (roberto macchiaroli)
landscape design: gross max – (eelco hooftman)
transport engineering: JMP – (max matteis)
acoustic design: paul guilleron acoustics – (paul guilleron)
construction design: sair-geie – (prof. ing. f. sylos labini; ing d. sylos labini); rocca bacci associati
contractor: ati astaldi s.p.a (astaldi s.p. a; NBI s.p.a)
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