The history of architecture traces the changes in architecture through various traditions, regions, overarching stylistic trends, and dates. Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or other structures. Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements.
The earliest surviving written work on the subject of architecture is De architectura by the Roman architect Vitruvius in the early 1st century AD.Marcus Vitruvius Pollio ,commonly known as Vitruvius, was a Roman author, architect, civil and military engineer during the 1st century BC, known for his multi-volume work entitled De architectura. His discussion of perfect proportion in architecture and the human body led to the famous Renaissance drawing by Leonardo da Vinci of Vitruvian Man. He was also the one who, in 40 BC, invented the idea that all buildings should have three attributes: firmness, commodity and delight.
An equivalent in modern English would be:
Durability – a building should stand up robustly and remain in good condition.
Utility – it should be suitable for the purposes for which it is used.
Beauty – it should be aesthetically pleasing.
Architectural technology, or building technology, is the application of technology to the design of buildings. New materials and technologies generated new design challenges and construction methods throughout the evolution of building, especially since the advent of industrialisation in the 19th century. Architectural technology is related to the different elements of a building and their interactions; it is closely aligned with advances in building science.
Technology has always impacted how architects work and the buildings they create. Whether it’s pushing the boundaries of what’s possible or what’s efficient, construction projects often sit at the forefront of technological development. The digital age has been no exception, and the architecture’s journey from hand-drawn diagrams to CAD has been dramatic.
The last ten years have laid the foundations for another shift. The adoption of 3D CAD and then Building Information Modelling (BIM) has created new possibilities for collaboration and design. The Internet of Things (IoT) and reality capture technologies are transforming what data collection is possible. With market maturation and innovations in technology, high-tech is changing into accessible technologies in architectural design.
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